Jain festivals like ‘Ashtaanhikaa Parva (Festival)’, ‘Das Lakshan Dharma Parva’ etc. are the festivals of austerity, continence and worship of pure soul (Siddha and/or Shuddhatma). Jain festival are also called great festivals as these festivals teaches us how to conqueror senses (Indriya), passions (Kashaya) and desires (Ichchhaa). Jinendra Bhagwan has already conquered these vices and achieved a wonderful state of perfect faith, perfect wisdom, complete selflessness and eternal bliss. These festivals worship and praises Jinendra Bhagwan and his right followers (Parmesthi) for this remarkable triumph. Jain festivals are not of materialistic enjoyment or amusement. Materialistic enjoyment needs always foster worldly miseries (Moh-Raag-Dwesh) and bondage (Karma) for all times to come.

JAIN FESTIVALS ARE OF TWO KINDS
  1. Eternal

They may also be called as permanent and temporary.

A. Eternal (Permanent Festival)

The permanent (eternal) festivals are related to spiritual thoughts and are neither related to any person nor to any specific event. These festivals are celebrated eternally as there is no beginning or end of Jain philosophy. The great festival of ten virtues, i.e. ‘Das Lakshan Maha Parva’, is one such eternal festival. It is related to soul’s natural traits (qualities) of supreme forbearance and so on; which emerges in soul as a consequence of the termination of impure (contrary) modes like anger etc. Another such festival ‘Ashtaanhikaa Parva’ in which eternal statues of Jinendra Bhagwan is worshipped in Nandiswar Dweep. Following are the list of more eternal festivals:

  • Das Lakshan Maha Parva

    It comes three times in a year and is celebrated from Mahaa Sud 5-14, Chaitra Sud 5-14 and
    Bhadarva Sud 5-14.

  • Ratnatray Vrat Parva

    It comes one time in a year and is celebrated from Bhadarva Sud 13 to Bhadarva Sud 15.

  • Kshamavani Parva

    It comes one time in a year and is celebrated on Bhadarva Vad 1

  • Ashtaanhikaa Parva

    It comes three times in a year and is celebrated from Faagan Sud 8-15, Ashaadhh Sud 8-15 and Kaartak Sud 8-15.

  • Every months Aathham and Chaudash are celebrated as pious days


B. Periodical (Temporary Festival)

The periodic festival are related to a particular person and/or to a particular event. These festivals are time span specific and changes as time cycle continues. The temporary festivals are of two kinds:

(i) Those related with a particular person

The festivals of ‘Deepawali’, ‘Mahaveer Jayanti’, ’24 Tirthankar Bhagwan’s Kalyanaks’ are the festivals that are related to persons. ‘Deepawali’ and ‘Mahaveer Jayanti’ are, respectively, related to Mahaveer’s salvation and birth. ‘24 Tirthankar Bhagwan’s Kalyanaks’ are related to 5 pious events in the lives of present time cycle Tirthankar Bhagwan. Following is a representative list of festivals that has relevance with some particular persons:

  • 24 Tirthankar's Panchkalyanaks

    5 pious events (Kalyanaks) in the lives of present cycle Tirthankar Bhagwans

  • Akshaya Tritiyaa

    First Aahaardan of Shree Rushabhdev monk (Vaishaakh Sud 3)

  • Mahaveer Jayanti

    Birth of Prince Mahaveer (Chaitra Sud 13)

  • Veer Shaasan Jayanti

    Veer Shaasan Jayanti (Mahaveer Bhagwan’s First Sermon) (Ashaadhh Vad 1)

  • Deepavali

    Mahaveer Bhagwan's Nirvan Kalyanak - celebration of Mahaveer Bhagwan becoming Siddha and Gautam Gandhar's Keval Gyaan Din (Aaso Vad 30)

  • Shree Kundkund Aacharya Dev

    Shree Kundkundaacharya was ornated with Aacharya title (Maagshar Vad 8)

Pujya Sadgurudevshree Kanjiswami

  • Janmajayanti of Pujya Sadgurudevshree Kanjiswami (Vaishaakh Sud 2)
  • Pujya Gurudevshree Kanjiswami's Samadhi Din (Day when Gurudevshree passed away) (Kaartak Vad 7)
  • Pu. Gurudevshree’s Sampradaay Parivartan Din (Day when Gurudevshree change Sampradaay) (Chaitra Sud 13)

Pujya Bahenshree Champaben

  • Janmajayanti of Pujya Bahenshree Champaben (Shraavan Vad 2)
  • Pu. Bahenshree’s Samyak Jayanti
    (Faagan Vad 10)
  • Pu. Bahenshree’s Jaatismran Gyaan Din
    (Chaitra Vad 8)
  • Pu. Bahenshree’s Samadhi Din
    (Vaishaakh Vad 3)
  • Krupaaludev Shreemad Rajchandra

    • Janmajayanti of Krupaaludev Shreemad Rajchandra (Kaartak Sud 15)
    • Krupaaludev Shreemad Rajchandra's Samadhi Din (Chaitra Vad 5)

(ii) Those related with some specific event

The festivals of ‘Akshaya Tritiya’, ‘Shrut Panchami’, ‘Rakshaa Bandhan’ etc. are classified as the festivals, which are related to specific famous sacred events. These festivals are related events that glorified the importance of Dev-Shastra-Guru. Following is a representative list of festivals that has relevance with some particular event:

  • Shrut Panchami

    Completion of Shree Shatkhandaagam's scripture (Jeth Sud 5)

  • Rakshaa Bandhan/Muni Vaatsalya Din/Muni Rakshaa Din

    Saving Shree Akampanaacharya and 700 monk from atrocious fire by Shree Vishnukumar monk in Hastinapur (Shraavan Sud 15)

  • Completion of a Year

    Completion of Veer Samvat on pious Niravan of Shree Mahaveer Bhagwan (Aaso Vad 30)

  • Beginning of New Year (Suprabhat)

    Auspicious starting of new year (Kaartak Sud 1)